Types of Schizophrenia

There are 5 types of schizophrenia depending on the dominant symptoms:

Paranoid Schizophrenia is characterised mainly by hallucinations and delusions.

In Disorganised or Hebephrenic Schizophrenia, disorganisation is the dominant clinical symptom. Usually this is accompanied by hallucinations or delusions. The patients will present as highly disorganised, usually in an extremely dishevelled state, floridly thought disordered talking nonsense, and there may also be extremely bizarre behaviour.

Catatonic Schizophrenia presents with catatonic symptoms.

Residual schizophrenia. This is diagnosed when residual symptoms are predominant. The clinical picture is usually dominated by negative symptoms.

Undifferentiated schizophrenia. This is diagnosed when the criteria are not fulfilled for other schizophrenia types.